Roles and mechanisms of parasitism in aquatic microbial communities

Roles and mechanisms of parasitism in aquatic microbial communities

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Next Generation Sequencing technologies are increasingly revealing that microbial taxa likely to be parasites or symbionts are probably much more prevalent and diverse than previously thought. Every well studied free-living species has parasites; parasites themselves can be parasitized. As a rule of thumb, there is an estimated 4 parasitic species for any given host, and the better a host is studied the more parasites are known to infect it. Therefore, parasites and other symbionts should represent a very large number of species and may far outnumber those with 'free-living' lifestyles. Paradoxically, free-living hosts, which form the bulk of our knowledge of biology, may be a minority! Microbial parasites typically are characterized by their small size, short generation time, and high rates of reproduction, with simple life cycle occurring generally within a single host. They are diverse and ubiquitous in the environment, comprising viruses, prokaryotes and eukaryotes. This Frontiers Research Topic sought to provide a broad overview but concise, comprehensive, well referenced and up-to-date state of the art for everyone involved with microbial parasites in aquatic microbial ecology.78, 103a€“116. doi:10.1016/S0001-706X(00)00179-0 Davis, G. E., Richards, D. V., Haaker, P. L., and Parker, D. O. (1992). ... Ganglioneuritis causing high mortalities in farmed Australian abalone (Haliotis laevigata and Haliotis rubra). Aust. Vet. J. 85, 188a€“193. ... a€œPrinciples and methods of validation of diagnostic assays for infectious diseases, a€ in Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals , 6th Edn, anbsp;...

Title:Roles and mechanisms of parasitism in aquatic microbial communities
Author: Télesphore Sime-Ngando, Kevin D. Lafferty, David G. Biron
Publisher:Frontiers Media SA - 2015-07-24

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